Birth of Archie, Meghan Markle’s first child
1527: The Duke of Bourbon, left by the Holy Roman emperor without money for his troops, attacks Rome for the plunder, but dies in the first wave of the assault.
1757: Prussia’s King Frederick II defeats Holy Roman Empire forces at Prague.
1839: Death of John Batman, the Australian farmer and businessman who founded Victoria; Britain’s House of Commons passes bill to suspend Jamaica’s constitution after riots due to emancipation of slaves.
1840: First adhesive postage stamps, the Penny Black and the Twopenny Blue, go on sale in Britain.
1875: Ernest Giles leaves Beltana, South Australia, to cross to the West Coast by camel.
1882: The United States bans Chinese immigration for 10 years; British statesman Lord Cavendish is murdered by Irish nationalists soon after arriving in Dublin as chief secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
1889: The World’s Fair, with the newly-built Eiffel Tower, opens in Paris.
1910: Death of King Edward VII after nine-year reign.
1919: Death of US children’s author Lyman Frank Baum, famous for his Wonderful Wizard of Oz; the Paris Peace Conference disposes of Germany’s colonies.
1932: France’s President Paul Doumer is murdered by a Russian anarchist.
1937: German dirigible Hindenburg explodes and burns on landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey, killing 36.
1941: Josef Stalin becomes Soviet Prime Minister, succeeding VM Molotov.
1942: US-Filipino forces on island of Corregidor in Manila Bay surrender to Japanese in World War II.
1954: Englishman Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run a mile in less than four minutes, with a time of 3:59:4 at Oxford, England.
1960: The sister of Queen Elizabeth II, Princess Margaret marries commoner Anthony Armstrong-Jones in London’s Westminster Abbey.
1968: The worst street fighting in Paris since the end of World War II shakes the Left Bank as students and police fight for control of fashionable Boulevard St Germain.
1974: West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigns after an aide is arrested on charges of spying for East Germany.
1976: An earthquake strikes the northern Italian town Udine, killing 973 people and leaving over 100,000 homeless.
1981: The US expels all Libyan diplomats, citing Libyan government support for international terrorism.
1983: In Germany, diaries supposedly written by dictator Adolf Hitler and published by Stern Magazine and the Sunday Times are declared fakes.
1989: Chinese students in Tiananmen Square send new appeal to government for dialogue on their demands for democracy.
1990: Former President PW Botha quits South Africa’s ruling National Party as a protest against the apartheid reform program of his successor FW de Klerk.
1994: Queen Elizabeth II and President Francois Mitterrand open the Channel Tunnel. Former Arkansas state worker Paula Jones files a lawsuit against US President Bill Clinton, alleging he sexually harassed her in 1991.
1999: Scotland chooses its first Parliament in three centuries, and Wales elects an assembly. Labour wins the most votes, but not a majority.
2000: The Irish Republican Army announces that it will soon begin disarming – a hugely significant and long-awaited breakthrough in the effort to revive the Northern Ireland peace process.
2001: John Paul II, during his visit to Syria, becomes the first pope to enter a mosque as he calls for brotherhood between Christians and Muslims.
2005: British Prime Minister Tony Blair survives public anger over the Iraq war to secure a historic third straight victory in elections.
2006: Death of 94-year-old Lillian Gertrud Asplund, the last American to remember seeing hundreds of fellow passengers drown in the icy North Atlantic when the Titanic sank 94 years ago.
2007: Nicolas Sarkozy is elected president of France, defeating Socialist Segolene Royal.
2008: Myanmar’s military regime announces it is delaying a crucial constitutional referendum in areas badly hit by a cyclone.
2009: The Red Cross says dozens of Afghans, including women and children, have been killed in US bombing raids. A former Afghan official says as many as 120 may have died.
2010: The Conservatives capture the largest number of seats in Britain’s national election but fall short of a majority.
2011: Al-Qaeda vows to keep fighting the US and avenge the death of Osama bin Laden, which it acknowledges for the first time in an internet statement.
2012: Socialist Francois Hollande defeats conservative incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy to become France’s next president.
2013: Amanda Berry, one of three young women abducted and imprisoned in Cleveland, Ohio for about a decade by bus driver Ariel Castro, escapes and alerts police to their plight. Germany’s most high-profile neo-Nazi trial begins after 10 mostly racially motivated murders by a far-right gang which Chancellor Angela Merkel called a “disgrace” for the country.
2014: The Vatican discloses that over the past decade it has defrocked 848 priests who raped or molested children and sanctioned another 2,572 with lesser penalties, providing the first ever breakdown of how it handled more than 3,400 cases of abuse reported to the Holy See since 2004; Rolf Harris goes on trial in London for indecent assault of four girls aged between seven and 19.
2015: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu completes formation of a new governing coalition.
2017: Boko Haram release 82 schoolgirls who were among 276 kidnapped in the north Nigerian town of Chibok in 2014.
2018: A giraffe kills a filmmaker on assignment at a wildlife facility near Johannesburg, South Africa. The giraffe reportedly swung its neck and knocked the man over.
2019: Prince Harry marvels at the strength of women after his wife Meghan Markle gives birth to a healthy baby boy.
Maximilien-Francois-Marie-Isidore de Robespierre, French revolutionary leader (1758-1794; Robert E Peary, US explorer (1856-1920; Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychologist (1856-1939; Rudolph Valentino, Italian-born movie star (1895-1926; Orson Welles, US actor-director (1915-1985; Rubin “Hurricane” Carter, US boxer (1937-2014; Bob Seger, US singer (1945; Alan Dale, New Zealand-born actor (1947; Tony Blair, former British prime minister (1953; Gina Riley, Australian comedian and actor (1961; George Clooney, US actor (1961; Roma Downey, US actor (1963.
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
“ The worst moment for the atheist is when he is really thankful and has nobody to thank” – Dante Rossetti, English poet (1828-1882.